Figurative language refers to words, and groups of words, that exaggerate or change the usual meanings of the words.The table below shows some examples of figurative language.


Term
Definition
Example
Alliteration
The repeating of the first consonant sounds in two or more words next to each other in a sentence.
The wild and wooly walrus waits and wonders when we'll walk by.
Cliche
A word or phrase that has become overly familiar or commonplace.
No pain, no gain.
Metaphor
Comparing two things by using one kind of object or using in place of another to suggest the likeness between them.
Her hair was silk.
Onomatopoeia..........
Naming a thing or an action by imitating the sound associated with it.
buzz, hiss, roar, woof
Personification
Giving something human qualities.
The stuffed bear smiled as the little boy hugged him close.
Simile
A figure of speech comparing two unlike things. Often starts with like or as.
The sun is like a yellow ball of fire in the sky.
Hyperbole
Big exaggeration, usually with humor.
mile high ice cream cones
Idiom
The language peculiar to a group of people.
Kick the bucket
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